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Pu-erh Tea

Pu-erh tea, one of the most popular teas in China, gets its name from a town in the southwestern province of the Yunnan region. Though tea is not grown in this town, it was at one time a thriving tea market.

pu-erh teaProduction

Pu-erh is a large leaf variety or Dayeh, and is grown and picked throughout the year unlike other teas that require a dormant season. Although dark pu-erh tastes much like black tea, it is not black or oolong, but falls into a category of its own.

Processing is similar to black tea, with the exception of a couple steps. The tea is picked, processed and partially fired allowing the leaves to retain moisture. The slightly moist tea is then piled. The natural bacterium on the leaves creates a reaction similar to that of a compost pile.

The tea is then aged, in special underground rooms or caves, adding to its unique character. One of the most significant distinctions is that pu-erh tea gets better over time.

These aged teas are prized and can be found in vintages, like wine, some dating back 40 to 50 to 100 years.

Types and Brewing

The two main classifications are green and dark, or oxidized pu-erh. The tuo cha, meaning pressed, is a dark pu-erh tea. Tuo cha's were developed in early China trade because the teas were bulky and hard to transport. Tea was pressed to compact the leaf, reducing the size of the loads for long journeys.

Dark pu-erh is just that, dark, due to the initial oxidation done before firing, like other black teas.

The teas age well and change over time, although not as significantly as green pu-erh. Not for the unadventurous drinker, they make a strong aromatic cup and most people are quick to judge whether they like or dislike the brew.

They are not for the unadventurous tea drinker. They make a strong aromatic cup and most people are quick to judge whether they like or dislike the brew.

There are a couple of things to consider before judging your taste of pu-erh tea.

  1. The tea comes in an enormous variety, not just dark or green, but in many types of both categories.
  2. Many types smell earthy or even a bit fishy. Don't be discouraged, the aroma is going to be very different than the actual taste in your cup.
The dark variety is the easiest to brew; unlike traditional tea preparation you can't over brew this tea. Prepare pu-erh tea with the hottest water possible and steep for 5-7 minutes or longer if you like.

You can wash your tealeaves once or twice to optimize the flavor. No matter what you do it is almost impossible to ruin this tea.

Health Benefits

Whether in tuo cha or loose leaf forms, these unique teas have long been used in China for the medicinal benefits. The soothing properties, aid digestion and are perfect after heavy or greasy meals.

More recent studies indicate powerful cholesterol lowering effects, blood cleansing properties and aid significantly in weight loss efforts.

Many published studies have been done showing the enormous health benefits of this wonderful tea. The most eye opening of these studies was conducted in France several years ago.

A blind study was conducted with 500 hyperlipidemia patients (individuals with advanced cholesterol conditions, usually controlled with medication).

Half of the controlled group consumed 3-4 cups of pu-erh tea daily, while the rest of the participants were given something else.

After a 30-day period the results showed that drinking pu-erh on a regular basis could significantly lower cholesterol and further research confirmed that pu-erh was as effective as the most advanced cholesterol lowering medications available. This is just one of the many healthy benefits of this delicious tea.

This article was written by Beth Johnston, a noted tea expert and enthusiast. To learn more about tea, its health benefits, lifestyle enhancements and the ease of brewing loose leaf teas, join her free monthly newsletter or visit www.TeasEtc.com.

Related Articles

Pu-erh Tea's Rich History
Facts about Tea
Tips on How to Brew Tea
Health Benefits of Green Tea
Tea Health Information


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